The Heritage Minutes DVD

15.00 CAD


The Heritage Minutes DVD

The Heritage Minutes are dramatic interpretations of pivotal events in Canada's history. These 60-second vignettes commemorate notable Canadians, achievements in innovation, and instances of perseverance and bravery. They are intended to entertain, educate and encourage further research into our nation's past.

This new DVD collection brings together all of the classic Heritage Minutes (including, for the first time, the Military Minutes produced in 2005), as well as the new Minutes produced since 2012. 

Run time: 78 minutes

Track 1 Lucille Teasdale Women, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Humanitarian and visionary Lucille Teasdale was one of Canada's first female surgeons. She went to Gulu, Uganda to practice medicine and to help those in need. By the time of her death in 1996, she received numerous international honours including the Order of Québec and the Order of Canada. Lucille Teasdale's extraordinary selflessness and humanitarian determination make her one of Canada's most remarkable women.
Track 2 Laura Secord Pre-Confederation, Military, Women, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Most Canadians know the name of Laura Secord, although they may be a bit fuzzy on the subject of her heroic trek that saved the British and Canadian forces at the Battle of Beaver Dams during the War of 1812.

Laura Ingersoll Secord was the young wife of James Secord, a settler in Queenston, Upper Canada. The War of 1812 was very personal to Laura. Like her husband and many others in Upper Canada, Laura had been born in the United States and had relatives across the line. But she was fiercely loyal to the British Crown, and was committed to the defence of the colony.

Track 3 Peacemaker Pre-Confederation, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
Centuries ago, the Iroquois nations found a way to establish peace and unity among themselves. Even today, they rediscover the source of their peace in the story of Peacemaker. It is said that somewhere in "the land of the crooked tongues," the region that is now eastern Ontario, an old woman had a dream that a messenger from the Great Spirit was standing before her.
Track 4 Vikings Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
From the fury of the Northmen deliver us, O Lord !
Track 5 John Cabot $1.29 CAD
It is ironic that England's claim to North America, the claim that is responsible for the creation of Canada as we know it, rests on the discoveries of an Italian sea captain.
Track 6 Jacques Cartier Pre-Confederation, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
After Columbus landed in the Western Hemisphere in 1492, European rulers sent explorers across the Atlantic to the Americas to claim territory and discover riches. The Spanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch and French all wanted a piece of the "New World" for themselves. Sometimes we forget that the "new world" was not new at all, but the ancient home of many people who were called "Indians" by the Europeans. Jacques Cartier came from the French court of King Francis I to explore North America. In 1534, on his first voyage, he explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Track 7 Jean Nicollet Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
In the first years of the 17th century, the beaver pelt trade created a heated rivalry among the French, English and Dutch in North America. The European powers vied for alliances with the Indigenous peoples. While the English and Dutch tried to attract Indigenous people to their trading posts, the French chose a different approach - travelling to where the First Peoples lived, learning their languages and customs, and converting them to Christianity.
Track 8 Syrup $1.29 CAD
Is there anything more Canadian than maple syrup? "Sugaring time," that brief space between winter and spring when the snow starts to melt and the sap begins to flow in the maple groves evokes romantic images of our pioneering past. Despite the technological advances in farming techniques, production of maple syrup remains largely a "family operation," essentially unchanged from its traditional past.
Track 9 Governor Frontenac Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
"I will reply from the mouth of my cannons..."

Heroism can take many forms. Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac, is the kind of swashbuckling hero who leaps out of history. At least, that is the image of the man that comes to us from his portraits and the romantic accounts of his exploits.

Track 10 Hart & Papineau Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
Through the tireless efforts of Benjamin Hart, the Legislative Assembly granted Jews the right to erect a new synagogue and to keep registers of births, marriages and deaths within their community.
Track 11 Étienne Parent Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
The Conquest of 1760 raised problems of coexistence between the Canadiens and the British, two peoples who differed in language, religion, and legal codes as well as in attitudes and customs. The Constitution Act [1791] attempted to provide a solution by splitting the colony into two parts, Upper Canada for the Loyalists (which became Ontario) and Lower Canada (which became Québec) for the Canadiens, allowing the two peoples to develop through representative institutions.
Track 12 Baldwin & LaFontaine Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
PROVINCE OF CANADA 1841 - Canada's existence owes much to the partnership of two moderate reformers: Louis Hippolyte LaFontaine and Robert Baldwin.

Trained as a lawyer, LaFontaine began his political career with election to the Lower Canadian Assembly when he was twenty three years old. Tall and portly, LaFontaine was respected as a man of ideals whose love for French Canada was readily apparent.

Track 13 Responsible Government Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
Our governor general controlled by an elected assembly, instead of by us. It's a Canadian idea!

Individual women and men can achieve great things when they break with tradition. But history shows that nations, too, must forge new paths to realize their ideals.

Track 14 Orphans Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
In the 1850s, many Québec families adopted Irish orphans, their parents dead from ship's fever on the Atlantic crossing

The Irish and the French Canadians share a part of history that goes back more than 150 years, at a time when waves of European immigrants were flooding into Canada, most of them arriving first in Québec. One tragic episode occurred in 1847.

Track 15 Underground Railroad Human Rights, Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
Between 1840 and 1860, more than 30,000 American slaves came secretly to Canada and freedom
Track 16 Joseph Casavant Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
We are pleased to inform you that we have just opened a workshop intended for the manufacture of Organs and Pipes for Churches, Chapels, Concert Halls and the like.

This was how, in November 1879, Claver and Samuel Casavant announced the opening of Casavant Frères in Saint-Hyacinthe, near Montréal. Though their interest in research and technological innovation, as well as a keen business sense, had led the brothers to launch this most prestigious organ factory, it was a blacksmith with a passion for music who first dreamed the dream years earlier.

Track 17 The Paris Crew Sports $1.29 CAD
In 1867, just weeks after Confederation, a lighthouse keeper and three fishermen from Saint John, NB took the sporting world by storm. The place was Paris, France and the event was the World Amateur Rowing Championship, part of the International Exposition.
Track 18 Saguenay Fire Heroes $1.29 CAD
The spring of 1870 came so early to the Saguenay region and was so dry that the farmers of this region in northeastern Québec hurriedly ploughed their fields so that sowing could be finished by early May. These unusual conditions, however, set the stage for one of the worst disasters ever to befall the region.
Track 19 Jennie Trout Human Rights, Women $1.29 CAD
The names of women are conspicuously absent from the lists of famous Canadian medical pioneers. During the 19th Century, while male physicians and surgeons were exploring new treatments and innovative medical procedures, Canadian women were struggling for the mere right to practice medicine. For them, acceptance into a medical school was a major achievement. The two women most responsible for breaking down the barriers and advancing medical training for women in Canada were Emily Stowe and Jennie Kidd Trout.
Track 20 Sitting Bull Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
From 1850 until his death in 1890, Sitting Bull symbolized the conflict between settlers and Indigenous culture over lifestyles, land and resources. Sitting Bull led the Sioux resistance against U.S. incursion into Indigenous lands, resistance that often ended in battle. After the most famous battle at Little Big Horn, in which General George Custer's forces were completely annihilated, Sitting Bull left the United States for the Cypress Hills in Saskatchewan.
Track 21 Les Voltigeurs de Québec Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
Our history is full of discoveries and occasional surprises - the origin of "O Canada!" is one example. Although officially proclaimed Canada's national anthem in Ottawa on July 1, 1980, "O Canada!" was introduced in Québec City a hundred years earlier, on June 24, 1880, and was subsequently adopted as the patriotic anthem of French Canadians!
Track 22 Joseph Tyrrell Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
By the time young Joseph Burr Tyrrell was sent to survey the Alberta badlands, he had already proven himself to the scientist-explorers of the Canadian Geological Survey, those unheralded heroes who mapped the vast territories of Canada in the last century.

In June 1884, 24-year-old Tyrrell and his assistant were paddling their canoe between the steep banks of the Red Deer River. In the layers of ancient rock, the geologist found seams of coal, outcroppings of one of the largest coal deposits in North America. He also discovered something even more amazing.

Track 23 Sir Sandford Fleming Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
The Nineteenth Century was the Age of Steam, an era when technical innovators like Sandford Fleming transformed the face of the industrial world and took on the stature of national heroes. This Historica Minute captures the energy and spirit of the dynamic chief engineer of the Canadian Pacific Railway who surveyed the first rail route across Canada, designed our first postage stamp, and successfully championed the Trans-Pacific telegraph cable which was laid from Vancouver to Australia.
Track 24 Rural Teacher Women $1.29 CAD
On an August day in 1885, Prince Edward Island painter Robert Harris paid a call on Kate Henderson, the teacher of the one-room school at Long Creek, P.E.I. As Miss Henderson told the story of how she had "laid down the law" to the men who sat as school trustees and "talked them over" about her unconventional teaching methods, Harris had the inspiration for his masterpiece, "The Meeting of the School Trustees." Now the painting and the story behind it come to life in a Historica Minute that honours Kate Henderson and the many other rural teachers of Canada's past.
Track 25 Soddie Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
By the late Nineteenth Century, the railroad had connected eastern Canada with the West Coast. The train offered new access to the vast western prairies - thousands of hectares of fertile soil.
Track 26 Midwife Women $1.29 CAD
Until well into this century, most Canadians were born at home and the only professional hand guiding their arrival into the world was the midwife's

The first midwife began her practice, so the saying goes, nine months after God placed two women and one man on the earth. The office of midwife, which literally means 'with wife,' is an ancient one. Throughout history, babies were delivered with the assistance of a midwife. At least until the 20th Century, women controlled the process of childbirth in all cultures.

Track 27 Basketball Sports $1.29 CAD
Basketball fans have come to expect the impossible from the fast, powerful giants who dominate the game today. The phenomenal feats of Michael Jordan or Magic Johnson would have amazed Dr. James Naismith, the modest Canadian who invented the game 100 years ago when he hung a peach basket on a gym wall.

The centenary of Naismith's invention was commemorated by a postage stamp, issued on October 25, 1991. This Historica Minute dramatizes the first clumsy efforts of Naismith's un-enthusiastic gym class to play the new game.

Track 28 Sam Steele Heroes $1.29 CAD
Superintendent Sam Steele of the North West Mounted Police was no stranger to action. The big, burly Mountie had helped rid the west of whisky traders, policed the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and averted war between Indigenous people and white settlers in British Columbia. At last, as commanding officer at Fort Macleod, married, with three children, he thought he might settle into peaceful retirement.
Track 29 Frontier College $1.29 CAD
"Whenever and wherever people shall have occasion to congregate, then and there shall be the time, place and means of their education." - Reverend Alfred Fitzpatrick, 1920
Track 30 Marconi Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
The wind howled and icy rain pelted down as the fragile kite swung desperately in the gale over the Newfoundland cliffs, tugging at its 180-metre wire. It was midday on December 12, 1901, and Guglielmo Marconi sat anxiously in the small, dark room on Signal Hill.
Track 31 Grey Owl Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
Archibald Belaney perpetrated one of the 20th Century's most convincing hoaxes. Known to the world as "Grey Owl," he convinced everyone that he was a Canadian-born Indigenous author and became one of Canada's most popular and famous personalities. Grey Owl's British origins came to light shortly after his death and the ensuing public outcry ignored his significant contributions as a conservationist. A generation after his death though, Grey Owl is remembered as a champion of our natural heritage, who helped create a legacy of awareness and protection for Canada's forests and wildlife.
Track 32 Valour Road Military, Heroes $1.29 CAD
WORLD WAR I was known as The Great War, a name that referred to its international scale, its massive mobilization of men, munitions and supplies, and its terrible toll on human life. Some say that the young country of Canada came of age in this war. Canadians won glory in the Royal Flying Corps, where Billy Bishop and Raymond Collishaw survived long enough to become aces of the air, and Roy Brown downed the Red Baron. However, it was also in the gruesome war of the trenches that Canadians demonstrated their endurance and courage.
Track 33 Winnie Military, Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
Few Canadian black bears have achieved the literary renown of "Winnipeg," Captain Harry Colebourn's pet black bear. Lasting fame came to Winnipeg after a boy - Christopher Robin - and his father - A.A. Milne - saw Winnipeg at the London Zoo.
Track 34 Nitro Human Rights $1.29 CAD
"They say that for every mile of railway, one Chinese man died," the old man tells his granddaughters. The story of the Chinese people who came to British Columbia in 1882 to work on the final link of the Canadian Pacific Railway is the subject of the Historica Minute Nitro. The experience of these Chinese immigrants, who risked their lives performing the most dangerous jobs on the railway [for half the wages of white labourers!] is only one chapter in the history of the Chinese in Canada.
Track 35 John McCrae Military, Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
On December 8, 1915, Punch magazine published a poem commemorating the dead of World War I. "In Flanders Fields" was written by John McCrae of Guelph, Ontario, after his experiences in the trench warfare around Ypres, Belgium.
Track 36 J.S. Woodsworth Human Rights $1.29 CAD
"I submit that the Government exists to provide for the needs of the people, and when it comes to choice between profits and property rights on the one hand and human welfare on the other, there should be no hesitation whatsoever in saying that we are going to place the human welfare consideration first and let property rights and financial interests fare as best they may." - J.S. Woodsworth, 1922
Track 37 Halifax Explosion Heroes $1.29 CAD
"What do you think you're doing?" shouted chief clerk William Lovett as train dispatcher Vince Coleman turned back towards the office. "We've only got a minute or two left! Anyone in the office won't stand a chance, and you're a married man with a family to think of!" But Vince Coleman was thinking about the passenger trains speeding towards the threatened harbour. He had to stop them.
Track 38 Joseph-Armand Bombardier Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
For years now, business surveys have acknowledged Bombardier as the star performer among Québec companies. This tribute is no doubt based on the unique management style and technological flair of North America's leader in the heavy transportation industry. It also honours the heritage begun by the determined, visionary founder of this small empire, the man who never stopped inventing, perfecting, and producing all-terrain vehicles: Joseph Armand Bombardier.
Track 39 Emily Murphy Women $1.29 CAD
"The world loves a peaceful man," declared Emily Murphy, "but it gives way to a strenuous kicker." Murphy herself was a strenuous kicker, one who opened the path of reform in the legal landscape of Canada.

Emily Murphy began her career as a writer of sunny, patriotic travel sketches, which she published under the pseudonym Janey Canuck. Known for its liveliness and humour, her writing also expressed serious concern for the welfare of women and children. Increasingly she found herself speaking out frankly and publicly on behalf of the disadvantaged.

Track 40 Superman Heroes $1.29 CAD
Superman leapt from comic books to radio serials in the 1940s, and on to the television screen by the 1950s. At the beginning of each episode a breathless announcer proclaimed that the caped superhero would once again defend "Truth, Justice and the American Way." Who would have thought that this great American hero was a Canadian creation?
Track 41 Myrnam Hospital Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
Myrnam, Alberta 1935
It was snowing outside and the three-bed "service station" that acted as a hospital for Myrnam was overflowing with seventeen patients. It wasn't the first time the little hospital located two hundred kilometers east of Edmonton - had been filled past capacity. Something had to be done.
Track 42 La Bolduc Women, Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
The Great Depression tested the endurance of working men and women. Despite these hard times, Mary Travers-Bolduc made ordinary people like herself laugh with her witty songs of everyday life in the 1930s.
Track 43 Inukshuk Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
For thousands of years, the Inuit peoples have hunted and fished the Canadian arctic. They did not build permanent settlements. Instead, they adapted their living conditions to the seasonal changes in the northern climate and to the behaviour of the animals they hunted.
Track 44 Wilder Penfield Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
Dr. Wilder Penfield had a passionate desire to unlock the mysteries of the human brain. He revolutionized the techniques of brain surgery and made major discoveries about human cognition, memory and sensation.

Penfield's medical exploration began with the causes and treatment of epilepsy, which was considered incurable. In 1935 he set up the Montréal Neurological Institute, which brought together surgeons and scientists for co-operative projects in the research, diagnosis and surgical treatment of brain disorders.

Track 45 Agnes Macphail Women $1.29 CAD
Agnes Macphail began her career as a country schoolteacher. Interested in agricultural problems, she became a member and active spokesperson for the United Farmers of Ontario. Her move into politics stemmed from her desire to represent the farmers of her region. In 1919 women gained the right to run for Parliament, and Macphail was elected in 1921, the first federal election in which women had the vote.
Track 46 Bluenose Sports, Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
Laughter echoed down the halls of the Halifax Herald office. Senator William B. Dennis, editor, had just scanned the sports page of a New York paper. "The New York Yacht Club," the item read, " has announced postponement of the race scheduled for today because of a twenty-three-mile-an-hour gale." The America's Cup race, the darling of yachting enthusiasts, was delayed because of winds that would barely tickle the sails of a Nova Scotia saltbank schooner. A Lunenburg skipper would yawn at the prospect of setting out in such a light breeze.
Track 47 Emily Carr Women, Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
"There is something bigger than fact: the underlying spirit, all it stands for, the mood, the vastness, the wilderness, the Western breath of go-to-the-devil-if-you-don't-like-it, the eternal big spaceness of it. Oh the West! I'm of it and I love it!" "Contrary from the start" was the way Emily Carr described herself in her autobiography. She was a naughty child, an impatient and rebellious young girl, and a young woman who scorned the tidy conventions of the very proper Victorian society of Victoria, British Columbia.
Track 48 Pauline Vanier Military, Women $1.29 CAD
The lives of Georges Vanier, his wife Pauline, and their son Jean are evidence that individual commitment can make the world a better place. The Vanier family is an outstanding example of social commitment and accomplishment in our century.
Track 49 Marion Orr Military, Women $1.29 CAD
Owing to the male-biased Service regulations of the time, the wishes of Canadian women pilots to fly with the RCAF during World War II were generally shot down. Nevertheless, as least one Canadian woman managed to fly military aircraft. Marion Orr paid for her own flying lessons in 1941, then went off to England where she got a position with the Air Transport Auxiliary ferry service, moving combat planes between airfields. By October 1944 she had accumulated 700 flying hours on 67 different types of planes.
Track 50 Maurice "Rocket" Richard Sports $1.29 CAD
December 28, 1944 was moving day for 23 year old Maurice Richard. All day he hefted furniture - including a piano - into his new house. That night he scored 5 goals and 3 assists to lead the Montréal Canadiens to a 9-1 victory over the Detroit Red Wings, setting an NHL record. During Game Seven of the 1952 Stanley Cup final against Boston, an injured Richard, squinting through blood from an earlier blow, scored the tie-breaking goal to win the Cup. He received a four-minute standing ovation, the longest in Montréal Forum history.
Track 51 Jackie Robinson Sports $1.29 CAD
The 1997 baseball season belonged to the memory of Jackie Roosevelt Robinson, the African American who broke Major League Baseball's colour barrier fifty years earlier. In commemoration of Robinson's courage, integrity, and determined excellence as a player and as a model for young people, every major league player wore a Jackie Robinson insignia, and Robinson's uniform number, 42, was retired by every team in the National and American Leagues.
Track 52 John Humphrey Human Rights $1.29 CAD
Eleanor Roosevelt called it "the Magna Carta of Mankind." Pope John Paul II described it as "the Conscience of Mankind." Adopted by the United Nations on December 10, 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognized fundamental rights and freedoms throughout the world, and influenced national legislation, including the Canadian Bill of Rights and our Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

A Canadian commemorative stamp was issued on October 7, 1998, marking the 50th anniversary of the Declaration and honouring its author, New Brunswick-born John Peters Humphrey.

Track 53 Avro Arrow Military, Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
Canada's greatest aeronautical achievement was the CF-105 jet fighter, and the subsequent cancellation of the project in 1959 still remains a story of political intrigue and controversy.

The CF-105, or Avro Arrow as it was known, was a supersonic jet interceptor developed by A.V. Roe of Canada. Faster and more advanced than any other comparable aircraft, the Arrow was designed to carry air-to-air nuclear-tipped missiles to destroy Soviet bomb attacks over the Canadian North.

Track 54 Stratford Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
In 1953, entrepreneur Tom Patterson and artistic director Tyrone Guthrie transformed Stratford, Ontario, from a small railroad town into the Canadian home of Shakespearean drama. The Stratford Festival attracted international recognition and served as the prototype for dozens of other Canadian festivals including the Montréal Jazz Festival and the Toronto Film Festival. From the opening performance of Richard III, held in a leaky tent, Tom Patterson started a phenomenon that Canadians continue to treasure.
Track 55 Paul Émile Borduas Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
Thirty years after the Group of Seven produced their symbols of Canada, French-speaking Montréalers began to seek an artistic language to convey the complex reality of their changing society. Under the leadership of painter Paul-Émile Borduas, this group of artists laid the foundations for a social and artistic revolution.
Track 56 Le Réseau Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
The end of the Second World War brought a boom to Canada. Business thrived and people built new homes. The demand for telephone communication exploded, yet the telephone companies were not equipped for the challenge. What was needed was a new invention, and a person with the energy and vision to turn that new technology into a reality.
Track 57 Maurice Ruddick Human Rights, Heroes $1.29 CAD
While Maurice Ruddick rode the trolley to begin his afternoon shift, he sang "The Shiek of Araby" in his lusty baritone. This did not surprise his fellow miners, for Ruddick, one of the few black men employed at the Springhill mine, had quite a reputation for his singing. On the afternoon of October 23, he was cheerfully thinking of his tiny seven-day old daughter, his twelfth child.
Track 58 Jacques Plante Sports $1.29 CAD
Jacques Plante broke with tradition and changed the face of hockey forever.

Jacques Plante was to become one of the National Hockey League's greatest goalies, but was never one to rest on his laurels. He would dare to be different and go against the game's "macho" traditions by wearing a protective face mask, and developed a very personal style of play in front of and behind the net.

Track 59 Marshall McLuhan Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
Marshall McLuhan was a Canadian professor of English literature who burst into world prominence as a media guru in the 1960s. Working with the ideas of Harold Innis, another Canadian communications expert, McLuhan popularized the idea that our technologies have a profound effect upon our lives, culture, and history.
Track 60 Flags Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
The creation of a new flag stirred a national debate. Many Canadians were strongly attached to the Red Ensign, the British Union Jack and Canadian coat-of-arms on a red field. It had been used, officially and unofficially, for generations. For many veterans and their families, it was the banner under which Canada had gone to war.

But Prime Minister Lester Pearson believed that the time had come for a national flag "which could not be mistaken for the emblem of any other country and which...would be a strong unifying force" for Canada.

Track 61 Expo '67 Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
There was much to celebrate in the year of Canada's Centennial, but its crowning achievement was Expo 67, one of the greatest birthday parties in history. One of the most successful international exhibitions of the 20th Century, Expo 67 gave Montréal the opportunity to show itself as an international city and proved once and for all that Canada had come of age.
Track 62 Nat Taylor Arts and Culture $1.29 CAD
People love to go to the movies; the most difficult part is often deciding what movie to see at the local cineplex. But multiple movie theatres are a relatively recent innovation, and the man who single-handedly changed the way we go to the movies was a Canadian, Nat Taylor. He even invented the now globally used word 'cineplex'.
Track 63 Water Pump Science/Innovation $1.29 CAD
The image of a woman in traditional dress, balancing a huge water container on her head, has become a common symbol of the picturesque life in the developing world. Yet this image also points to the harsh conditions that still exist in many parts of Africa, Asia, and South America, where villagers walk miles every day to bring water back to their homes from rivers, lakes, and local water holes. As populations have soared, those bodies of water have become depleted and polluted, often spreading cholera, dysentery, and other water-borne diseases.
Track 64 Nellie McClung Human Rights, Women, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Nellie McClung was a political activist. She was also a charmer with a gift for oratory and a delightful sense of humour. Her spirited leadership rallied others to the cause of women's suffrage in Manitoba in the early 20th century.
Track 65 Louis Riel Human Rights, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
What thoughts ran through Louis Riel's mind as he stood on the scaffold, waiting for the trap door to open to his death? Perhaps he thought about the turmoil that surrounded him, a turmoil that still surrounds the controversial Métis leader today. Even now, Louis Riel is a hero to many, a visionary, the fiery leader of a downtrodden people. To others he is a madman, a traitor, or a misguided zealot.
Track 66 Maple Leaf Gardens Sports $1.29 CAD
At the corner of Carleton and Church Streets is one of Canada's national treasures, the Maple Leaf Gardens. For almost 68 years, the Gardens, as it was known, hosted a variety of events and was the home of one of the "Original Six" hockey teams, the Toronto Maple Leafs. Perhaps more significantly, it was the scene of many cherished Canadian moments.
Track 67 Andrew Mynarski Military, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski was the mid-upper gunner of a Lancaster bomber, attacking a target at Cambrai, France, on the night of 12 June 1944. The aircraft came under fire from an enemy fighter. The pilot ordered the crew to bail out. In an act of heroism, Mynarski remained onboard the fiery plane, determined to save his friend.
Track 68 Mona Parsons Military, Women $1.29 CAD
Mona Louise Parsons was born in 1901 in Nova Scotia. Although Parsons never wore a uniform, she was willing to lay her life on the line for her country and for freedom. And she very nearly lost her life when she was arrested by the Gestapo near Amsterdam in September 1941, for assisting downed Allied airmen.
Track 69 Tommy Prince Military, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
Thomas George Prince was born 25 October 1915 at Petersfield, Manitoba. He was one of 11 children born to Harry and Elizabeth (née Desjarlais) Prince of the Brokenhead Band. He was a descendant of Peguis, the Saulteaux Chief. In 1920, the family moved to Scanterbury, Manitoba, on the Brokenhead Reserve.
Track 70 Vimy Ridge Military, Heroes $1.29 CAD
One of the greatest battles in Canadian history was the battle at Vimy Ridge, which began on 9 April 1917. Canadian bravery and valour led to the tremendous victory for the entire Allied Force and was considered a turning point of WWI.
Track 71 Osborn of Hong Kong Military, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Canada's role in World War II stretched beyond the battlefields of Europe. Canadian troops fought on land, in the air and on the seas in France, the Netherlands, Italy, North Africa and Hong Kong. It was in Hong Kong that Warrant Officer John Osborn, the Company Sergeant-Major, sacrificed his own life to save the lives of others.
Track 72 Home from the Wars Military $1.29 CAD
Following World War II, after having served their country for the long, horrible years of the war, service personnel wanted only to re-establish their civilian lives and set up households with their families. The return of more than a million Canadians to peacetime life created a housing demand that the private sector could not meet. The federal government was challenged to meet the need for a rehabilitation program to assist ex-service members. Social housing in Canada has its origins in the demand for such a program.
Track 73 Dextraze in the Congo Human Rights, Military, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Canada has a long history of international peacekeeping and has been part of every major peacekeeping operation. Although the UN has been involved in missions since 1948, Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson popularized the term "peacekeeping" in the late 1950s. Pearson's efforts won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957.
Track 74 Juno Beach Military $1.29 CAD
On the evening of D-Day, musician and broadcaster Johnny Lombardi boosts morale on the edge of a Normandy beach by entertaining the troops with a rendition of a familiar Canadian song.
Track 75 Richard Pierpoint Human Rights, Pre-Confederation, Military $1.29 CAD
Richard Pierpoint was born in Bondu (now Senegal) in 1744. In 1760, he was captured and brought to America where he was sold to a British officer. After more than 20 years in America, he won his emancipation by fighting as a member of Butler’s Rangers in the American Revolution.
Track 76 Queenston Heights Pre-Confederation, Military, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
13 October 1812 was a fateful day for the Six Nations of the Grand River. British forces, including about 160 Six Nations warriors, were assembled at Fort George at the mouth of the Niagara River in anticipation of an American invasion, which came upriver near the small Upper Canadian village of Queenston. John Norton and John Brant, along with several other leaders and warriors, hurried to the scene, only to learn that General Brock had been killed and that the Americans had taken the Heights overlooking the village.
Track 77 Winnipeg Falcons Sports $1.29 CAD
The Winnipeg Falcons, a team of Icelandic-Canadian hockey players once rejected by their hometown league, won the very first gold medal in Olympic hockey in 1920. The triumph of the Winnipeg Falcons is a story of perseverance over adversity and of underdogs beating the odds.
Track 78 Sir John A. Macdonald Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
Macdonald wasn’t just the founder of a nation that otherwise, almost certainly, would not have survived. He shaped a nation that has gone on to thrive to a degree exceeded or matched by very few among the near 200 nations around the planet. If Macdonald were told this today his likeliest response would be to shrug and then turn his attention to his plans for the next election campaign.
— Richard J. Gwyn
Track 79 Sir George-Étienne Cartier Pre-Confederation $1.29 CAD
[Cartier] was as bold as a lion. He was just the man I wanted. But for him, Confederation could not have been carried.
- Sir John A. Macdonald
Track 80 Nursing Sisters Military, Women, Heroes $1.29 CAD
Canada’s wartime history is filled with stories of bravery, and the nursing sisters who served with the military during the North West Rebellion, the South African War, the First and Second World Wars, and the Korean War were certainly among the most courageous. While carrying out official duties, dozens died from enemy action and disease during their service. 
Track 81 Terry Fox Heroes $1.29 CAD
Following a bone scan on 4 March, 1977 to investigate severe pain in Terry Fox’s right leg, his orthopedic surgeon’s worst suspicions were confirmed – Fox had osteogenic sarcoma, a type of bone cancer that often starts in the knee. Because the cancer spreads quickly, doctors felt Fox’s best chance for survival was amputating his right leg, followed by chemotherapy.
Track 82 Viola Desmond Human Rights, Women, Heroes $1.29 CAD
On the evening of 8 November 1946, Halifax businesswoman Viola Irene Desmond (née Davis), made an unplanned stop in the small community of New Glasgow after her car broke down en route to a business meeting in Sydney, Nova Scotia. Told she would have to wait a few hours for the repair, she decided to see the movie The Dark Mirror, starring Olivia de Havilland, at the Roseland Theatre. Desmond requested a ticket for a seat on the main floor (“One down, please.”).
Track 83 Chanie Wenjack Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
At age 9, Chanie Wenjack was sent to the Cecilia Jeffrey Residential School, near Kenora, Ontario. Chanie ran away from school at age 12 and died during his attempt to return home. His death sparked the first inquest into the treatment of Indigenous children at residential schools.

Chanie grew up in Ogoki Post, on the Anishinaabe Marten Falls Reserve in Northern Ontario, where he lived with his family until he was taken from them to attend residential school in 1963. Once there, he was given the name Charlie by the staff, and this became the name by which he was commonly known.

Track 84 Naskumituwin (Treaty) Indigenous History $1.29 CAD
Treaty 9, also known as the James Bay Treaty, was signed between the Government of Canada and Cree and Ojibwa nations in 1905. One of 11 numbered treaties signed in the post-Confederation era, it covers most of present-day Northern Ontario.

The process of ceding land to the government began in Upper Canada before Confederation, and many of these early treaty negotiations encompassed the hunting and fishing rights of Indigenous groups. After Confederation, Sir John A. Macdonald began implementing the numbered treaty system to open up the western provinces for settlement.

Track 85 Kenojuak Ashevak Women, Arts and Culture, Indigenous History $1.29 CAD

More about Kenojuak Ashevak

Track 86 Edmonton Grads Women, Sports $1.29 CAD
They would go on to become the most successful team in Canadian sports history.

Archival photos courtesy of the Provincial Archives of Alberta.


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