The Manitoba Act received royal assent, creating Manitoba, the Dominion of Canada’s fifth province. The Métis of the region negotiated with Sir George-Étienne Cartier — if you’ve seen his Heritage Minute, then you’re up to speed. The Act gave the Métis most of what they wanted, including: responsible government; province status; bilingual institutions; denominational schools; and property rights for Aboriginal lands. The land guarantees were largely ignored. Aboriginal peoples in Manitoba continue to fight to have their land claims recognized.

Date: 
Friday, July 15, 1870
Month: 
07
Day: 
15